eCharcha.Com   Support eCharcha.Com. Click on sponsor ad to shop online!

Advertise Here

Go Back   eCharcha.Com > Culture > Cultural Exchange


Cultural Exchange Cultural topics - Indian and other

Thread Tools Display Modes
Old September 8th, 2006, 08:36 AM
zack zack is offline
Junior eCharchan
Join Date: Oct 2005
Posts: 25
zack is on a distinguished road
Islam - the religion spread by sword????

Again, not to put it down, but, read this long article, is interesting...........This was sent via email......


The world famous historian, Will Durant has written in his *Story of Civilisation* that "the Mohammedan conquest of India was probably the
bloodiest story in history".

India before the advent of Islamic imperialism was not exactly a zone of peace. There were plenty of wars fought by Hindu princes. But in all their wars, the Hindus had observed some time-honoured conventions sanctioned by the Săstras. The Brahmins and the Bhikshus were never molested. The cows were never killed. The temples were never touched. The chastity of women was never violated. The non-combatants were never killed or captured. A human habitation was never attacked unless it was a fort. The civil population was never plundered. War booty was an unknown item in the calculations of conquerors. The martial classes who clashed, mostly in open spaces, had a code of honour. Sacrifice of honour for victory or material gain was deemed as worse than death.

Islamic imperialism came with a different code - the Sunnah of the Prophet.
It required its warriors to fall upon the helpless civil population after a decisive victory had been won on the battlefield. It required them to sack and burn down villages and towns after the defenders had died fighting or had fled. The cows, the Brahmins, and the Bhikshus invited their special attention in mass murders of non-combatants. The temples and monasteries were their special targets in an orgy of pillage and arson. Those whom they did not kill, they captured and sold as slaves. The magnitude of the booty looted even from the bodies of the dead, was a measure of the success of a military mission. And they did all this as *mujăhids* (holy warriors) and ghăzîs* (kăfir-killers) in the service of Allah and his Last Prophet.

Hindus found it very hard to understand the psychology of this new invader.
For the first time in their history, Hindus were witnessing a scene which was described by *KănhaDade Prabandha* (1456 AD) in the following words:
"The conquering army burnt villages, devastated the land, plundered people's wealth, took Brahmins and children and women of all classes captive, flogged with thongs of raw hide, carried a moving prison with it, and converted the prisoners into obsequious Turks." That was written in remembrance of Alauddin Khalji's invasion of Gujarat in the year 1298 AD. But the gruesome game had started three centuries earlier when Mahmud Ghaznavi had vowed to invade India every year in order to destroy idolatry, kill the *kăfirs*, capture prisoners of war, and plunder vast wealth for which India was well-known.

In 1000 AD Mahmud defeated Raja Jaipal, a scion of the Hindu Shahiya dynasty of Kabul. This dynasty had been for long the doorkeeper of India in the Northwest. Mahmud collected 250,000 *dinărs* as indemnity. That perhaps was normal business of an empire builder. But in 1004 AD he stormed Bhatiya and plundered the place. He stayed there for some time to convert the Hindus to Islam with the help of mullahs he had brought with him. In 1008 AD he captured Nagarkot (Kangra). In 1011 AD he plundered Thanesar which was undefended, destroyed many temples, and broke a large number of idols. The chief idol, that of Chakraswamin, was taken to Ghazni and thrown into the public square for defilement under the feet of the faithful.

In 1013 AD Mahmud advanced against Nandana where the Shahiya king, Anandapal, had established his new capital. The Hindus fought very hard but lost. Again, the temples were destroyed, and innocent citizens slaughtered.

The road was now clear for an assault on the heartland of Hindustan.
Mathura was the next victim. Mahmud seized five gold idols weighing 89,300 *miskals* and 200 silver idols. According to Utbi, "The Sultăn gave orders that all the temples should be burnt with naptha and fire, and levelled with the ground."

Mahmud's sack of Somnath is too well-known to be retold here. What
needs emphasising is that the fragments of the famous Sivalińga were carried to Ghazni. Some of them were turned into steps of the Jama Masjid in that city.

The rest were sent to Mecca, Medina, and Baghdad to be desecrated in the same manner.

Invasion of India by Islamic imperialism was renewed by Muhmmad Ghuri
in the last quarter of the 12th century. After Prithiviraj Chauhan had been defeated in 1192 AD, Ghuri took Ajmer by assault.

Next year he defeated Jayachandra of Kanauj. A general massacre, rapine, and pillage followed.

Ghuri's lieutenant Qutbuddin Aibak was also busy meanwhile. Hasan Nizami writes that after the suppression of a Hindu revolt at Kol (Aligarh) in 1193 AD, Aibak raised "three bastions as high as heaven with their heads, and their carcases became food for beasts of prey.

In 1194 AD Aibak destroyed 27 Hindu temples at Delhi and built the * Quwwat-ul-Islăm* mosque with their debris. According to Nizami, Aibak "adorned it with the stones and gold obtained from the temples which had been demolished by elephants".

In 1196 AD he advanced against Anahilwar Patan, the capital of Gujarat. Nizami writes that after Raja Karan was defeated and forced to flee, "fifty thousand infidels were despatched to hell by the sword" and "more than twenty thousand slaves, and cattle beyond all calculation fell into the hands of the victors". The city was sacked, its temples demolished, and its palaces plundered. On his return to Ajmer, Aibak destroyed the Sanskrit College of Visaladeva, and laid the foundations of a mosque which came to be known as *ADhăî Din kă JhoMpaDă*.

Conquest of Kalinjar in 1202 AD was Aibak's crowning achievement. Nizami concludes: "The temples were converted into mosques. Fifty thousand men came under the collar of slavery and the plain became black as pitch with Hindus."

Reply With Quote
Old September 8th, 2006, 08:38 AM
ronn's Avatar
ronn ronn is offline
Join Date: May 2006
Posts: 42
ronn is on a distinguished road
Talking Re: Islam - the religion spread by sword????

Allah W.H.O Akbar....A><W><A
Reply With Quote


Currently Active Users Viewing This Thread: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Is Islam a religion of peace? Sane Less View - Counter View 31 January 7th, 2018 06:27 PM
Why did Hinduism never become an 'organised' religion like Christianity or Islam? echarcha Religion 5 October 7th, 2009 09:28 PM
Vedic religion and Islam have same roots... tinda SoapBox 9 June 26th, 2002 07:10 AM
Islam a real good religion yrpude Taaza Khabar - Current news 12 October 15th, 2001 02:48 AM
Islam the worlds fastest growing religion aurangzeb Cultural Exchange 27 December 30th, 2000 11:36 AM

All times are GMT -7. The time now is 10:42 AM.

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.7.2
Copyright ©2000 - 2019, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Site Copyright © eCharcha.Com 2000-2012.